Need to know about HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN
The human Chorionic Gonadotropin is a hormone produced by the human female being after implantation. It is detected in the body of the female thus it is commonly called the pregnancy hormone. This hormone is mainly detected in the human being during pregnancy.
This hormone has other scientific names. Some of them include Pregnyl, Chorex, Chorigon and Novarel. Its non-scientific name that is understood by all is the pregnancy hormone. In this article we will shorten the word human Chorionic Gonadotropin to HCG.
Biological process leading to the formation of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
This is how this hormone is formed. During the normal menstrual cycle of a woman, an egg is released from the ovary. This egg is normally released once a month. This happens in a process called ovulation. Ovulation occurs at the middle of a woman’s cycle. Women’s cycles vary from one individual to another. Others have 28 day cycles while others have up to 31 day cycles. Once the egg has been released it leaves a follicle on the ovary which forms corpus luteum which forms progesterone. Progesterone is the hormone responsible for the maintenance of pregnancy during the early stages.
When the egg is not fertilized, the progesterone production is stopped and the womb prepares itself for the next cycle. However when the egg is fertilized, progesterone prepares the uterus lining to allow for the implantation of an embryo. It does this by ensuring there is enough blood supply by blood vessels and nourishment into the embryo by the womb. This happens throughout the first trimester until the placenta is formed.
Testing for the HCG
HCG is mainly detected during pregnancy in the first trimester. It is one of the characteristics of pregnancy. When one tests for the presence of this hormone, most of the times it is an indication of early pregnancy. This is done either through urine test or by blood tests. When one suspects pregnancy, they can always buy a HCG kit from the local chemist shop or from the pharmacy. If bought from the chemist or shop, one can always do a urine test to detect the presence of HCG in the urine. This test doesn’t have to be done in a hospital or laboratory. If done at homeone just needs a sample of the urine and the test kit. The home test reveals only the presence or absence of HCG. It is reveals positive or negative. For any further explanations then one is entitled to see a health professional. Like if one wants to know the quantity of the HCG it is better explained by a doctor.
Another means of testing for HCG is by taking blood samples for testing. This is done by injecting into the bloodstream to test for both the presence and quantity of the HCG. This is done by the doctor in order to determine the quantity of HCG present in the blood. This helps to determine the age of the developing embryo. This kind of test is best done by a health practitioner like a lab technician, doctor or even the nurses. In the health facility when one is found to have HCG hormone it should be in line with a scan. When the doctor determines the amount of HCG, the levels should coordinate with scan. You can, however, get a false negative if you’re using something like Simply Slim hcg drops so keep that in mind.
When HCG is detected in the blood stream it mainly indicates that one is pregnant. The lesser the amounts or levels the earlier the pregnancy. The HCG is measured in mIU per ml. The amount of HCG found in one person varies from the other in relation to the amount of hormones per unit blood. HCG is detected from around 11th – 14th day after ovulation. Once it has been detected to confirm pregnancy, it doubles in quantity from within 48 – 72 hours. It increases with the growth of the embryo. This continues as long as the progesterone continues to support the growth of the embryo. Any abnormality can easily be detected by the health practitioner by just observing the rate of increase in the HCG levels.